Retinex Image Processing--Publications--GSPX 2004 Conference

Single-Scale Retinex Using Digital Signal Processors

Glenn Hines, Zia-ur Rahman, Daniel J. Jobson, and Glenn A. Woodell


The Retinex is an image enhancement algorithm that improves the brightness, contrast and sharpness of an image. It performs a non-linear spatial/spectral transform that provides simultaneous dynamic range compression and color constancy. It has been used for a wide variety of applications ranging from aviation safety to general purpose photography. Many potential applications require the use of Retinex processing at video frame rates. This is difficult to achieve with general purpose processors because the algorithm contains a large number of complex computations and data transfers. In addition, many of these applications also constrain the potential architectures to embedded processors to save power, weight and cost. Thus we have focused on digital signal processors (DSPs) and field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) as potential solutions for real-time Retinex processing. In previous eorts we attained a 21 (full) frame per second (fps) processing rate for the singlescale monochromatic Retinex with a TMS320C6711 DSP operating at 150 MHz. This was achieved after several significant code improvements and optimizations. Since then we have migrated our design to the slightly more powerful TMS320C6713 DSP and the fixed point TMS320DM642 DSP. In this paper we briefly discuss the Retinex algorithm, the performance of the algorithm executing on the TMS320C6713 and the TMS320DM642, and compare the results with the TMS320C6711.
Download PDF (0.35M) version.

Retinex Publications Page
Retinex Home Page