Retinex Image Processing--Publications--IEEE Trans IP 03/1997

Properties and performance of a center/surround retinex

Daniel J. Jobson, Zia-ur Rahman, and Glenn A. Woodell

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Vol. 6, No. 3, March 1997

Abstract

The last version of Edwin Land's retinex model for human vision's lightness and color constancy has been implemented and tested in image processing experiments. Previous research has established the mathematical foundations of Land's retinex but has not subjected his lightness theory to extensive image processing experiments. We have sought to define a practical implementation of the retinex without particular concern for its validity as a model for human lightness and color perception. Here we describe the trade-off between rendition and dynamic range compression that is governed by the surround space constant. Further, unlike previous results, we find that the placement of the logarithmic function is important and produces best results when placed after the surround formation. Also unlike previous results, we find best rendition for a ``canonical'' gain/offset applied after the retinex operation. Various functional forms for the retinex surround are evaluated and a Gaussian form found to perform better than the inverse square suggested by Land. Images which violate the gray world assumptions (implicit to the retinex) are investigated to provide insight into cases where the retinex fails to produce a good rendition.

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